The Photon Travels Faster Than the Defined Speed of Light:
It Always Has and Always Will

©2 January 2014

The truth of the matter has been staring us in the face for more than a century. The speed of light in vacuum is not the so-called maximum velocity attained by matter-energy.
            In fact, the light photon travels and always has traveled above the defined speed of light in vacuum; at self-defined superluminal velocities. The reason is simple. Still, no one appears to have noticed this, including generations and generations of physicists.
            The electromagnetic wave of light, the photon wave-particle, is said to travel a curvilinear course. On a humanly observational level, light appears to travel along a straight line (although Einstein guessed about it being curved by gravity at times; more on that later). The thing is, light's travel within that apparent straight line is a curvilinear path somewhat like a sine wave (or two inseparable sine waves joined together since there is an electric field and a magnet field that make up that curvilinear path).

Red Curvilinear Path of Photon Wave-Particle


Blue Straight Line Reference Frame Longitudinal Axis

         In order for the photon to travel the 299,792,458 meters per second measured by scientists (represented by the blue A-B longitudinal reference frame axis), its curved path (the composite red lines) simultaneously must necessarily cover more distance at a higher speed than the numerical figure given for the blue line ( c ). In summary, the red composite line exists as it reflects the path of energy of the photon's wave-particle. The blue line does not exist, other than as a mental abstraction of measurement. The speed of light in vacuo, c, is measured A-B as though the photon traveled a straight line between A-B.
Essentially, then, the customary statement that the speed of light, 299,792,458 meters per second, represents the maximum velocity that matter-energy can attain is inexact in distinct ways.  The speed of light, c, is defined as of the longitudinal axis of the photon's reference frame.  It makes physical sense to measure the path of energy of the photon's wave-particle (distance and velocity), and not the distance and timing of the reference frame's abstracted axis.
The fact is that apparently no scientist has made public the actual speed and distance traveled by the photon on its own path of energy. Once the distance and velocity attained by the photon wave-particle are computed in that direct manner, then we may know the maximum velocity attained by a matter-energy event such as an electromagnetic wave in spacetime/motion. Until then, we only know the perceived relationship to the longitudinal axis of its reference frame.
            I am anxious to see what the numerical values may be for the photon's wave-particle path of energy. They will evidently represent averages and mean numbers since they will reflect variations and ranges within the entire electromagnetic wave radiation spectrum. Because, obviously, if we do not know those numbers for the light photon wave-particle, we do not know those numerical values pertaining to other waves on the entire electromagnetic wave radiation spectrum [radio, micro, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X-ray, Gamma ray waves].
            That's right, the entire electromagnetic wave radiation spectrum must be computed as of the curvilinear path traveled by the electromagnetic wave-particles themselves, and not be limited to the longitudinal axis of their reference frame.
            The current definition of the speed of light in vacuum is given as of the longitudinal axis of the reference frame, when it requires the numerical values relevant to the actual path of energy of the photon's wave-particle.
            Once the numerical values corresponding to the photon's wave-particle energy path are computed, then the current definition of superluminal will need to be adjusted to those higher values.

Ultimately, the perennial statement that "nothing can travel faster than the speed of light" is offered as an exact numerical constant, yet it requires a disclaimer. Light travels faster than its measured "defined" value.

2014 Copyrighted. Charles William Johnson. All rights reserved.