Earth/matriX: Science Today


The Earth-Moon Barycenter
and
The Earth/matriX Thermodynamic
Temperature Scale

By

Charles William Johnson

For the past few of years, we have been proposing the use of The Earth/matriX Thermodynamic Temperature Scale [1999] based upon a comparative scale. On the proposed Earth/matriX temperature scale, there are two distinct ways in which to view the thermodynamics of matter-energy. The boiling point of water [BPW] may be set as unit one (1.0); or, the freezing point of water [FPW] may be set at unit one (1.0). By doing so, the temperatures among the different matter-energy events are easily compared on these scales.

image 1

In this manner, the specific numerical representation of the thermodynamic temperature of a particular event shall be relational to the other numbers of the scale employed. In other words, if a particular event is measured on the FPW 1.0 scale that has as a temperature of value 2.5, then we immediately know that that event is 2.5 times greater than the value of the freezing point of water. In this manner, any temperature registered on the scale is relational to either the unit value of the FPW or of the BPW.

The are many positive reasons for employing the Earth/matriX scales shown above, as we have been proposing. However, it may be somewhat unreasonable to expect any change in the practice of so many years of use of the complex temperature scales employed today. Nonetheless, with the Earth/matriX scales, we are drawing attention to the relational nature of the thermodynamics of matter-energy. We are working with the premise that a less complex scale may be utilized, which employs the very proportionality of relations existing in matter-energy. The different scales that exist today are almost impossible to offer a comparative perspective in visualizing the numerical values of temperature on a particular scale. And, to compare values among the different scales (Celsius, Fahrenheit, Rankine, etc.) is generally avoided in the literature.

In previous essays, we have been drawing attention to the significance of the BPW 1.366 thermodynamic temperature scale in relation to current and ancient knowledge of physics and chemistry. In this essay, we consider the relationship of the Earth-Moon barycenter, which represents the center of mass of the Earth-Moon system. The barycenter is actually the common axis of rotation of the Earth-Moon system. The Earth's moon does not actually orbit around the Earth, but around the Earth-Moon barycenter. And, likewise, the Earth also orbits around this point. The Earth revolves around the barycenter 1/month.

In our book on the Earth/matriX thermodynamic temperature scale, we have already drawn attention to the relationship regarding the numbers of the temperature scale with the values of the equatorial and polar radii of the Earth. We invite the reader to consult that earlier study which may assist in illustrating some of the relationships to be emphasized in this essay.

In the present discussion, we shall limit ourselves to examining a possible relationship between the numbers relating to the Earth-Moon barycenter and the thermodynamic temperature scale. Possibly one may not suspect any relevancy between the two themes. Were we to examine the literature of physics and chemistry, it would be very difficult to find any relationship drawn along these lines. The theme of the Earth-Moon barycenter is generally discussed in works pertaining to the field of astronomy, and the theme of the temperature scale refers to thermodynamics in physics and chemistry, and astrophysics.

As we began examining the thermodynamic temperature scale in more detail, in our mind, it seemed quite logical to assign the event of "absolute zero" as "zero", as has been done on the Kelvin scale, for example. From that it was easy to consider assigning either the freezing point of water [FPW] or the boiling point of water [BPW] as the "unit one (1.0)" on the scale. At least, such a scale would appear to be relevant to the Earth's matrix. By such an assignment of values, all matter-energy events become comparable in terms of the same scale of values. And, with that, we began to emphasize the significance of the relationship between the boiling point of water (373.16) and the freezing point of water (273.16):

373.16 / 273.16 = 1.366085811

In this study, we shall refer mainly to the value of 1.366 for the sake of brevity in our analysis. The FPW : BPW thus reveals a definite relationship of proportion that may be expressed with the value of 1.366+, a value which we shall find throughout all of spacetime/motion.

More recently, to our surprise, we have found another example within the values relating to the barycenter of the Earth-Moon System. The barycenter is said to represent the center of mass of the Earth-Moon system, and is represented by a theoretical point about which both the Earth and the Earth's moon orbit as they revolve around the Sun. The numerical values, the measurements offered for the different events considered herein, vary according to different astronomers. But, we shall not concern ourselves with the debate of numbers, but rather the thrust of the relationship, the proportionality behind the spacetime events themselves.

First of all, by speaking about the barycenter in these terms, one understands that the event reflects constant movement. And, even speaking about a theoretical "point", about which both the Earth and its moon rotate, is daring, since no such point actually exists as such, fixed in spacetime for all space and all time. In fact, the so-called barycenter itself varies regarding its own placement in relation to the Earth and to the Earth's moon.

This occurs because even though the "center-points" of the Earth and the Moon are at some 384,405 kilometers apart, the distance itself varies. The Earth-Moon relationship varies in distance from thousands of kilometers from apogee to perigee. Therefore, from the start, the concept of precision in numbers, in speaking about the motion of the planets and their moons, is always variable and itself in constant change.

Even the distance referring to the barycenter changes. At times it is cited as being 4727 kilometers from the center of the Earth or 1650 kilometers below the surface of the Earth. At other times, it is cited as being 4641 kilometers and 1707 kilometers respectively. There are even quotes of it being 1440 kilometers below the Earth's surface.

Now, with such a changing concept, and with only theoretically projected measurements, anything that we may say herein is obviously limited and conditioned by those same variations in measurement. However, it is significant to consider the concept of the barycenter in relation to the proportional spacing of the thermodynamic temperature scale. In other words, it would appear to be quite logical that the Sun:Earth:Moon System would reflect a relation of proportionality that may be reflected or imposed upon the values of the thermodynamic temperature scale.

It would be begging the question to state that the Sun:Earth:Moon System determines its own thermodynamic temperature scale, were it not for the fact that a comparative analysis of the numbers may offer us greater insight into this relationship.

For our study, we shall employ the numbers corresponding to the barycenter as 4641 kilometers from the center of the Earth to the barycenter located in the Earth and, 1737 kilometers from the surface of the Earth to the barycenter. The first comparison to be noted is the almost exact correspondence between the radius of the Moon, cited at 1738 kilometers, and the 1737 kilometers between the surface of the Earth and its barycenter.

4641 + 1737 = 6378 kilometers diameter of the Earth

[Cfr: http://itss.raytheon.com]

image 2

Let us view the numerical values produced by the relationship of the 373.16 BPW and the 273.16 FPW values.

    1./ 273.16 = .00366085811 [reciprocal of the freezing point of water]

    373.16/ 273.16 = 1.366085811 [proportional relationship of BPW : FPW]

1 / 373.16 = .0026798156 [reciprocal of the boiling point of water]

A natural relationship of proportion, then, exists among the absolute zero [AZ], the freezing point of water [FPW], and the boiling point of water [BPW]:

0.0 : 273.16 : 373.16 = 1.366085811

With regard to the Sun : Earth: Moon System, something similar occurs in terms of proportionality and fractal, numerical values. The relationship of proportion regarding the barycenter to the center of the Earth and the Earth's surface yields numerical values that are similarly relational to those produced by the relationship of the boiling and freezing point of water on the planet Earth. Such a similarity of fractal values should be no surprise. The same spacetime events that are determining one relationship are obviously determining the other. In other words, it should be expected, that the same proportionality of the Sun : Earth : Moon System is determining the proportionality of thermodynamic events.

Now, let us employ the barycenter of the Earth : Moon System with a different value for the distance of the barycenter to the surface of the Earth (now, 1707, instead of 1737 kilometers).

image 3

It should be emphasized, that the theoretical concept of the barycenter implies change and movement, variable motion, and therefore we are speaking of a range of measured values. The different values offer a range of numerical fractals that suggest a similar relationship found in the relationship of the freezing/boiling points of water.

The range of 1737 - 1707 kilometers from the surface of the Earth now inverts the same proportional relationship, respectively noted above:

2.72 : 1.374 : 3.74 3.73 : 1.374 : 2.71

That of the thermodynamic temperature scale is:

273 : 1.366 : 373 or inversely, 373 : 1.366 : 273

In our studies, we are repeatedly surprised as we find the ancient reckoning numbers relating to events in physics and chemistry. Yet, even more astounding is to find relationships that may be found in spacetime/motion events, in matter-energy itself.The surprise is not so much that the ancients knew these numbers, but that the numbers are actually in Nature.

The Sun : Earth : Moon is a single system within the Solar System that we inhabit. It should not be surprising to find a proportional relationship reflected in numerical values and fractals that suggest a direct relationship between the thermodynamic temperature scale of matter-energy and the Sun : Earth: Moon system. For obviously, the spacetime/motion event deemed Sun:Earth:Moon (partially at least) determines the thermodynamic temperature scale.

To find a proportionality of matter-energy shared in one set of events (the Earth-Moon barycenter system) as well as in the Earth's matrix of thermodynamic temperature scales, would appear to be comprehnsible. In fact, we could say that it is necessary. The barycenter of the Earth, then, reflects a similar relation of proportion (1.374) as found in the corresponding thermodynamic temperature scale (1.366). And, since we are confronted with a changing and dynamic spacetime event, we may imagine even finding the exact proportionality among the elements. On the other hand, the difference in fractal values may reflect significance for the concept of assymetry regarding the existence of spacetime.

The Sun:Earth:Moon event enjoys a proportional relationship whose numerical expression determines the numerical expression and proportion [272 : 1374 374] found similarly in the thermodynamic temperature scale [273 : 1366 : 373]. The variation is ever so slight in value. Were we to consider other variations among the different relationships regarding the barycenter, one would most undoubtedly find values that are completely coincidental in their fractal, numerical expression with the thermodynamic temperature scale.

The following chart illustrates the relationship of fractal values.

image 4

From the above analysis, then, the radius of the Earth [6378 kilometers] to the barycenter of the Earth:Moon system [4641 kilometers] is similarly proportional as the boiling point of water [373.16] is to the freezing point of water [273.16]. Consider the variations below:

image 5

For now, we shall simply stop here with the previous analysis for considering the relationship between the barycenter of the Earth-Moon system and the Earth/matriX thermodynamic temperature scale.

New Orleans
April, 2002

©2002-2008 Copyrighted by Charles William Johnson. All rights reserved. Reproduction prohibited without the express written permission of the author.

Further Reading

JOHNSON, Charles William, The Earth/matriX Thermodynamic Temperature Scale, "Essays from Earth/matriX", Earth/matriX: Science in Ancient Artwork, New Orleans, Louisiana, 1999, 81 pages. ISBN-58616-194-6.

JOHNSON, Charles William, Kelvin and Centigrade Temperature Scales and the Ancient Reckoning System, Earth/matriX: Science in Ancient Artwork Extract No. 29, New Orleans, Louisiana, June 19, 1998, 4 pages.

JOHNSON, Charles William, The Thermodynamic Temperature Scale: A Proposal, Earth/matriX: Science in Ancient Artwork, Extract No.45, New Orleans, Louisiana, March 30, 1999, 4 pages.


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