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THE AZTEC CALENDAR:
Now, again, let us connect the different coordinate points showing the 52-year cycles. With that a definite five-pointed star comes into view.
The planet Venus was considered to be a star, which crossed the face of the Sun as we noted earlier. This is precisely what the lines of the five-pointed star pattern achieve in the design during a 260-year period or cycle. Notice how the lines drawn actually cross the face of Tonatiuh, the Sun. In fact, if we take only the period of 243 years, as mentioned by astronomers, during which time its is said that Venus crosses the face of the Sun four times, then we may see that the star-pattern actually crosses that number of times only. We have calculated where the year 243 might lie on the fifth line, just before touching Tonatiuh's face once again.
This pattern may be correlated possibly to the Ollin symbols that represent the planet Venus as a half-closed eye over the center ( see Ollin ).
Now, if we substitute this example of the 52-year count for one that involves the 364-day count, then another interesting pattern obtains. The same five-pointed star pattern occurs (as in the 260-year count). For even though we are counting 52-day cycles, they are actually based on the 13-day cycles of a year count. Nonetheless, we shall mark off the lines corresponding to the two remaining 52-day cycles in order to reach now 364 and 365 days. The connected lines in the 364-day count of seven 52-day cycles, would look as follows; plus the 365th day glyph:
Further notice how the pattern reveals a more complete five-pointed star:
The pointer may certainly have
been conceptualized as a mechanical pointer, and surely a mentally abstracted
one. Also, from the illustration regarding the 365-day count previously
shown, the words of someone like Leon y Gama become meaningful, when
he mentioned that the last day of the year was a straggler, all by itself.
The linear marking off of a 52-day or 52-year cycle on the pointer actually shows a star pattern. What an extraordinary coincidence that the planet Venus, so important to their culture and to their calendaric system of counting, was referred to and shown to be a star in their artwork.
In summary, the pointer of the
Aztec Calendar and the day-glyph concentric ring therein are intimately
related through design and allow for rapid, symbolic calculations. Again,
the calculations may be made as of the relationships of the rings, or
mentally executed without any reference to the rings themselves. Significantly,
there is an apparent design and pattern behind the arrangement of space
within the Aztec Calendar based on a counting system for the day-glyphs
yet to be comprehended fully.
We do not know how to make all of the calculations involved or suggested by the design, muchless imagine specific meanings of those calculations and patterns. Such knowledge might be the task of descipherment by the specialists in the field. However, we have demonstrated some of our findings about the particular designs and patterns within the Aztec Calendar that might lead us to better comprehend its purpose and significance.
This essay forms a part of an on-going research effort to discern the science within ancient artwork throughout the world.